Assessing the operation of copyright and related rights systems
The project for establishing a methodology for a systematic assessment of national copyright and related rights systems was conducted at Cupore (Center for Cultural Policy Research) between 2009 and 2016. The objective of the project was to establish a set of guidelines for the assessment of national copyright systems’ operation in order to support the development of copyright and related rights policies and strategies. The project was financed by the Finnish Ministry of Education and Culture and it was carried out in English.
The methodology framework developed in the project consists of evaluation methods for analyzing
- the context in which the system operates,
- the functioning and performance of the different elements of the copyright system, and
- the operational balance of the copyright system as a whole.
The pilot phase of the project was carried out in 2013-2015 and the final version of the methodology framework was published in 2016.
As a follow-up to the earlier methodological work, the project Assessment of the Copyright System to Support Decision-Making was conducted at Cupore between 2016 and 2018. In the project, a general review of the operation of the Finnish copyright system was conducted based on earlier studies by Cupore, and a set of indicators was delineated for continuous monitoring of the Finnish copyright system’s operation. In addition, the project explored different ways of assessing governance in national copyright and related rights systems.
WIPO Guidelines on Assessing the Economic, Social and Cultural Impact of Copyright (ESCIA)
Piloting in Finland
The Economic, Social and Cultural Impact Assessment (or ESCIA) Guidelines, developed by the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO), aim at assessing the impacts of copyright-related regulatory and policy decisions.
Finland is the first country to test the application of the ESCIA methodology, based on a proposal by the Secretariat of WIPO. The subject of the Finnish pilot study is the economic, social and cultural impacts of alternative policy scenarios concerning scientific research in universities and research institutes. The pilot project is conducted in cooperation between Cupore and the Finnish Copyright Society.
The ESCIA pilot project is closely connected to the project on assessing the operation of copyright and related rights systems. However, while the latter aims at assessing the operation of the current copyright system and its specific elements, the goal of the ESCIA project is to study the impacts of specific, planned or realized policy and legislative measures.